Neuro-Ophthalmology Nuggets

Essays on various aspects of clinical neuro-ophthalmology, with emphasis on visual disturbances and clinical examination techniques. Some basic knowledge of general ophthalmology is presumed. By Lars Frisén, MD, PhD (about).

• Nerve Fiber Layer Basics

• Hints on Eye Motility Examinations

• Diagnostic aids: • Nystagmus; • Pupils

• A compact EOM+ video library

• On Hidden Ocular Torsions, With a 3-D Twist - New 3D test

• Hints on Visual Field Examinations

• Visual Field Diagnosis by Pattern Matching

• On High-pass Resolution and RareBit Perimetry

• Multiple rarebits (multibits): a fast lane for vision testing

• On Testing for Vigabatrin Toxicity

• Hints on Color Vision Testing - New saturation threshold test

• On Super-Resolution

• On Critical Testing of Central Vision

• On Seeing with Defective Vision

• Homonymous hemianopia: training gaze casting - New

• On Dichoptic Reaction Times

• Seeing Spots or Lights: Dynamic Simulations

• Unstable Vision: Dynamic Simulations

• Ocipital Epilepsy: Dynamic Simulations

• On Pulfrich's Phenomenon - New simulation, with nulling

• On Monocular Pulfrich Counterparts

• Vertiginous Vision and Diplopia: Dynamic Simulations

• The Next Best Instrument?

• Visual Diversions

• Making a webcam ophthalmoscope

• ... and an iPhone ophthalmoscope

• List of diagnostic aids on site, by name

• Neuroanatomy on the Web

© 2005-2018 by Lars Frisén, MD, PhD, Neuro-ophthalmology, Sahlgren's University Hospital, SE-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden  -  Who?

Optimized for 1024 x 768 pixel screens and Microsoft Internet Explorer version ≥9. As of 2016, all interactive displays depend on HTML5 and JavaScript (previous Java applets have been scrapped), and all videos have been converted from the flv format to mp4. The old site address ( is no longer operational.

e-mail link to a friende-mail a suggestionadd to favorite list

Latest update: October 26, 2018